The Concept of Citizenship as Means of Constitutional identity: Turkish case

Modern societies are characterised by ethnic, religious, linguistic and also ideological pluralism. Constitutional identity is an important tool to bind a society divided by various aspects. The concept of citizenship is a legal status and it refers to identification as a member of society. Hence, citizenship is inherently linked to the constitutional identity. The Turkish constitutions since the Republic was founded have contained a provision regarding ‘citizenship’. In this paper I focus in particular on understanding of citizenship in Turkish constitutionalism and its relationship with the constitutional identity. Hence I will discuss whether the concept of constitutional citizenship has an inclusive part to maintain the constitutional identity in Turkey.