The comparative constitutional compliance dataset

This article introduces a novel dataset focused on compliance with national constitutions. The proposed indicators combine data on de jure constitutional rules with data on their de facto implementation to produce de jure-de facto gap measures for 13 constitutional rights in the following four areas: property rights and the rule of law, political rights, civil rights, and basic human rights, as well as an overall indicator of constitutional compliance. The dataset covers 178 countries over the period 1900-2018 and can be useful for researchers interested in studying the determinants and effects of (non)compliance with constitutions – topics that have received increasing attention in recent constitutional economics scholarship.