The citizen

Global trends are fostering the spread of transnational relationships related to citizenship. Legal positions of an administrative nature exercised in legal systems other than those where the subjects are political citizens are increasing. In these situations, political citizenship affects the exercise of administrative citizenship rights. The phenomenon concerns situations regulated by supranational and global sources (cross-border health care; taxes; investments) and national (personal rights; bio-rights). The transnational enhancement of administrative citizenship weakens the role of political citizenship, the first exclusive source of attribution of state rights. But the definition of a model of “reinforced” administrative citizenship leads to the attribution of new rights that the differences in regulation between states do not allow to guarantee in a fair way. The gap could be narrowed by applying some general principles, as national and European jurisprudence is showing.