The challenging of regulating the internet: the copyright Directive

The “copyright Directive” has further harmonized copyright law to reduce the difference between the value obtained by digital platforms from exploiting creative content and the proceeds transferred to copyright owners (“value gap”).
Its adoption marked the end of a legislative process characterized by fierce lobbies, high academic debates, and public protests. Indeed, the Directive is a paradigmatic example of the challenges behind regulating the internet.
How to protect the rights threatened by the internet without undermining the freedom of expression online? How to avoid creating competitive advantages for the tech giants? Compliance with new rules may be more challenging for less established players. Given the power imbalance between digital platforms and protected actors, how can the new rights' effectiveness be ensured? This work analyzes the choices of the Directive to handle these concerns.