The Brazilian Federal Supreme Court and Structural Racism: the role of judicial dialogue

Brazil has strived with structural racism for a long time, both because of its history of slavery and the inefficiency of its institutions to properly include black people into society once slavery had been overcome. In the past decades, due to constitutional commitments and international conventions, the theme has arrived at the Supreme Federal Court in demands that go further than condemning discrimination to face racism through structural litigation. Namely, on that last matter, it has also improved the judicial dialogue with the Inter-American Human Rights System and other Latin-American Constitutional Courts. This research aims to analyze how such exchanges have evolved over the years to verify their top-down, bottom-up, and horizontal contributions and then conclude if judicial dialogues have strengthened judicial review’s efficiency to face structural racism and if Brazilian case law may provide racial equality standards to Latin-American regional law.