THE BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT AND THE BRAZILIAN CRISIS OF DEMOCRACY: A CASE OF DILMA ROUSSEFF IMPEACHMENT (2015-2016).

Latin American democracy has been through critical moments lately. The ex-president Fernando Lugo was impeached in 2012 in Paraguay. More recently, the Venezuelan President, Nicolás Maduro, convoked a Constituent Assembly election. In this context, Brazil also has been in crisis, especially after 2014 when it happened the elections to choose the President of Republic. Despite the crisis are concerned between Executive and Legislative branches, I will argue that there is another principal actor in this scenario: the Judicial branch. Despite that democracy crisis in Brazil is a political problem between Executive and Legislative, I suppose that the Judiciary has contributed to increasing the political crisis, especially when it exceeds the principle of the balance between the branches of government. To show my hypothesis I will present the argument that the political crisis in Brazilian has had a decisive contribution from the Judiciary because it has been broken the Rule of Law.