The 2014 Tunisian Constitution: new constitution, new constitutional identity ?

In Tunisia, the adoption of the 2014 Constitution was fraught with complications. The role of Islam in the Constitution, with its impact on the scope and recognition of human rights, or the choice of a semi-presidential system were among the key points of contention. Further, Tunisia is no exception to the widespread trend of the transnationalisation of constitution-making, and several external actors such as UN agencies or transnational NGOs exerted their influence on the process. This paper will examine the following questions, keeping the concept of ‘constitutional identity’ at the heart of the inquiry: How has Tunisia's constitutional identity been shaped by external actors? Has a new constitutional identity emerged after the drafting of a new democratic constitution?