The 1917 Mexican constitution vis to vis the 1919 Weimar constitution

The 1917 Mexican constitution is considered as an iconic constitutional transformation worldwide. It was born from revolutionary times and inaugurates an institutional design that paid attention to “the social question” and democracy. The constitution has two main characteristics. On the one hand, it was the first constitution in the world to recognize social rights, and it did so within a hyper-presidential structure. This combination became a canonical model for Latin American constitutionalism until today. On the other hand, the rigid formula of a “permanent constituent power” has allowed more than 700 amendments. Those reforms have blurred the constitutional identity. I will assess the current narrative of the Mexican government to think whether it means a commitment to constitutionalizing mass democracy and to transformative constitutionalism, or it is a return to authoritarian constitutionalism. Both alternatives can be compared with developments of the Weimar constitution.