This paper explores the role of historical memory in the construction of political identity in the European Union and its Member States. The paper shows that the EU Member States are characterised by different ‘varieties of constitutionalism’. The constitutional orders of the EU Member States are shaped by different historical experiences and memories, and for that reason they have different conceptions of democracy, sovereignty and the constitution. These differences matter for how individual states understand their member-statehood. I identify three main varieties of constitutionalism – post-fascist (e.g., Germany and Italy), evolutionary (e.g., UK and Denmark) and post-communist (e.g., Hungary and Poland) – and show that the variety of constitutionalism that characterises a state shapes its legal and political relationship to the EU.
We look forward to welcoming you on July 3-5, 2023 for our Annual Conference entitled "Islands and Ocean: Public Law in a Plural World." The conference will take place at the Victoria University of Wellington, in New Zealand. We will be announcing more details about the conference soon, including financial support to early career and global south scholars!