Technical-scientific bodies in public decision-making processes: a comparison of the French and Italian cases in occasion of the pandemic crisis.

The pandemic crisis has highlighted more than any previous experience the growing importance of technical-scientific bodies. These advisory bodies have played a fundamental role in the procedures for the declaration of state of emergency and in the adoption of measures aimed at protecting public health. This presentation, through the comparison of the French and Italian cases, will analyze the effectiveness of the advices given by these technical-scientific bodies, the procedures for appointing the members of these bodies and the guarantees of their independence. Lastly, the role of technical-scientific bodies in the relations between Government and Parliament will be analyzed. Indeed, scientific expertise is assuming the features of a real power in relation to which it is necessary to identify characteristics and limits.