Success or failure of the Guiding Principles on Extreme Poverty and Human Rights. Reflections based on empirical research

Among the global socio-economic problems challenging public law is the eradication of extreme poverty. Extreme poverty is strictly associated with human rights violations, as evidenced by the testimonies of people experiencing it. In 2012, the Guiding Principles on Extreme Poverty and Human Rights were adopted by the UN Human Rights Council. This soft law instrument was designed to be a useful tool for states in the formulation and implementation of poverty reduction policies in the spirit of a human rights based approach. It is now ten years since the Guiding Principles were adopted. I will present the findings of my empirical research, conducted with the participation of representatives of various countries and NGOs, where I try to determine whether the objective behind the Guiding Principles has been met. In this presentation I will also try to answer the question of whether a new legally binding instrument for the protection of people experiencing extreme poverty is needed.