State and Society in the Xi Jinping Thought on Rule of Law

The Chinese government’s respond to COVID-19, described as timely and effective, has been at the center of a renewed debate on governance efficiency and protection of citizens’ fundamental rights. Once again, we witnessed the historical opposition between liberal democracies and authoritarian regimes.
Since the beginning of Xi Jinping regime in 2012, China entered a new era of reforms, ultimately theorized, last November, in the “Xi Jinping Thought on the rule of law” and put in action by the “Plan for Building a rule-of-law China (2020-2025)”. The aim is to develop an indigenous principle of legality within the process of building a modern Socialism with Chinese characteristics. A new idea of the relationship between state and society is taking shape. Supervision, surveillance, security, social governance, self-government, rule of virtue and integrity are core issues of this new Chinese paradigm of a “country of rule of law, government of rule of law, society of rule of law”.