Smart cities: a modern way of satisfying human’s fundamental needs (and protecting the environment) through efficiency and participation

Nearly 66% of the world’s population is projected to be urban by 2050; this means that the urban context will become more and more relevant for the decisions to be taken concerning economic and demographic growth, the protection of the environment and the very survival of the world.The urban context will also become the place in which the majority of the people will live their lives and try to satisfy their needs.
The term “smart cities” refers to a new model of imagining and planning the cities of the future based on the idea of the spreading of digital technologies among people and on the integration of different urban policies (such as transport policies or waste management) in order to better guarantee access to public facilities and to increase the sustainability of the urban life.It’s a new paradigm which, in order to be effective, requires the definition of innovative governance frameworks through the improvement of the interaction between public decision-makers and people.