Shaping the European Union’s Control over the Export of Cultural Properties: from National to Supranational Legislations and Viceversa

The attempt to detect a European cultural patrimony and to shape a European cultural identity is in part exercised by the control of the export of cultural properties. Such control happens both between Member States and between Member States and third countries. Over time The European Parliament has approved (e.g. in the TFUE and in the EU Regulation n° 116/2009), a series of norms meant to regulate the international circulation of cultural heritage. What inputs over others have exerted a stronger influence on the communitarian legislator and the EU’s determination of the final outcome of European control over the export of cultural properties? Is it possible to detect some categories of cultural property export at the supranational level that were already present in the national Member States’ legislations?