Seeds of Degradation? The Impact of Imposed Constitutional Design and International Presence in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Processes of constitutional degradation, in various forms, are currently at the center of heated debates in the political and academic spheres around the world. More often than not, the objects of analysis are Western democracies experiencing the well-known democratic backsliding. However, this tendency disregards other constitutional systems, which are equally experiencing some forms of degradation. The purpose of this article is to fill this gap, shedding some light on the process of constitutional degradation in a particular system, namely Bosnia-Herzegovina. Indeed, Bosnia has been trapped in a political and constitutional deadlock over the last two decades, under the pressure of endogenous and exogenous forces. More specifically, the article aims to assess the impact that the consociational model of constitutional design imposed by the 1995 Dayton Peace Agreement and the unique international presence within the system had on the ongoing process of constitutional degradation.