Romania’s response to the public emergency: Derogation from the European Convention on Human Rights

Romania has decided to derogate from the application of the ECHR during the state of emergency caused by COVID-19. The pandemic has showed that the lack of effective measures can cause significant disruptions. For example the closure of the borders affecting the transport of goods, unproportioned restrictions on freedom of movement of villagers in rural areas can lead to inflated price in the only local shop. The inadequate flow of information can cause differences in the application of institutionalized quarantine. Language minorities face a disadvantage, when the official information is shared exclusively in Romanian. And it is also important to underline the responsibility of leaders and authorities to not to abuse their position in order to forge political capital. This study highlights some of the effects of the measures on fundamental rights, to underline the importance of an adequate legislation of quality governing emergency situations.