Authoritarianism in the eastern wing of Europe put under pressure the rule of law principles. Defense of judicial independence across the EU calls for new legal measures. In Romania, often the independence of judges is related to anticorruption actions but the topic should be analysed broadly. The concept of independence of judges covers the entire judicial system and not only individual members. The legislator has designed a system of rights and obligations that ensures functional and financial independence. Recently, the Romanian Constitutional Court took position in highlighting the concept. Referring to constitutional provisions, the Court hold the independence as guarantee of the non-obedience to other power, inside or outside of the judicial system. In this sense, it will be presented, first, the meaning of judicial independence in Romania and, second, the Court’s attempts to avoid authoritarian tendencies under the strict observation of Venice Commission recommendations.