RIGHT TO ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY: AN INDIAN PERSPECTIVE

Electricity is critical for the human race’s overall growth. India has the world’s largest electricity deficit of 270 million people, around 1/3rd of the global deficit, and a significant number of citizens are affected by inadequate power supply. Literature suggests that, there is a clear link between access to electricity and achieving all the goals envisioned under Sustainable Development Goals. A country, whose energy demand is expected to rise exponentially by 2040, must approach the issue of access to electricity judiciously.
As a major player in the energy industry, India’s position in promoting universal access to electricity through a rights-based approach will be critical for the jurisprudential advancement of Energy Law as an academic discipline. The paper will critically examine judicial pronouncements from India’s Constitutional Courts and Tribunals concerned. A critical review of institutional and regulatory norms relating to access to electricity will also be conducted.