Resistance and Dissent: Jeanne d’Arc and Greta Thunberg – female dissent in history and in the 21st Century

Joan of Arc was born in 1412 in Lorraine, France during the Hundred Year’s War. She led an army at 17, supporting the French side and broke the occupation of Orléans by the English. After a long legal process, she was burned as a heretic in 1431, mainly because she claimed to have received her orders directly from heaven, thus challenging the authority of the Catholic Church. 25 years later the judgment for heresy was overruled. In 1920, she was canonized as a saint. During the long and dry summer of 2018, Sweden experienced a number of wild fires. In August 2018, 15-year-old Greta Thunberg started her climate strike at the Swedish Parliament before upcoming elections. In December 2018 she spoke at the COP24 meeting on climate change in Poland and said, “we can no longer save the world by plying by the rules, because the rules have to be changed.” 2019 became a year of unprecedented mobilization in general and particularly of teenagers without voting rights around the world.