Resistance and Dissent: Jeanne d’Arc and Greta Thunberg – female dissent in history and in the 21st Century

During the Hundred Year’s War which began as an inheritance dispute about the French throne, 17 years old Joan of Arc led an army supporting the French side and broke the occupation of Orléans by the English. Claiming to receive her orders directly from heaven, she challenged the authority of the Catholic Church and was burned as a heretic after a lengthy process. 25 years later the judgment for heresy was overruled. In 1920, she was canonized as a saint. During 2018, Sweden experienced a devastating number of wild fires. In August 2018, 15-year-old Greta Thunberg started her climate strike at the Swedish Parliament. She spoke at the COP24 meeting on climate change in Poland and said, “we can no longer save the world by complying by the rules, because the rules have to be changed.” 2019 became a year of mobilization of teens without voting rights around the world. During the covid pandemic, the well-being of many young people also in Scandinavia declined noticeably.