Public powers in the economy, competition rules and European temporary framework on state aid

The pandemic due to Covid-19 virus has led to some changes in European competition law. The European temporary framework on state aid has raised the maximum amount previously forbidden and widened the hypotheses subject to exemption. This allows a greater role for the public powers, above all, with the aim of saving businesses and jobs.
How far can the role of the public be pushed? In Italy, the bailout of Alitalia and of the former Ilva steel plant in Taranto have raised new questions about what the role of public powers in economy should be. The idea of a new protagonism of Cassa Depositi e Prestiti has made its way. The state played a leading role in subsidizing commercial and entrepreneurial activities closed due to Covid-19 virus. What possibilities do these phenomena pave the way?