Prosecution of digital war criminals

Current war in Ukraine proves that hostilities are not only streamed online but they are also conducted online, that is why prosecutors need to take into account the ongoing process of broadening the notion of direct participation in hostilities, in order to include cyber hostilities which can be undertaken from a great distance from the traditional battlefields and by groups not linked with any state’s armed forces, vide Anonymous Group. The aim of the presentation is to focus on the impact of the cyberoperations on the scope and content of the notion of war crimes, it will also show examples of the deliberate use of social media to commit such war crimes like spreading terror among civilians or committing outrages upon personal dignity, in particular humiliating and degrading treatment.