Pragmatic Sustainability and Emerging Technologies

The general objective of this paper is to outline a concept of Sustainability which may respond to the risks of new technologies, typical of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, called Emerging Technologies, without jeopardizing the opportunities they present. As specific objectives, it seeks to present two approaches to Sustainability, top-down and bottom-up, and their relationship with technology in general; next, to describe the Emerging Technologies and the precautionary and promotional principles, linking them to the two approaches to Sustainability; and to make use of legal pragmatism to read the precautionary principle, in such a way that is able to support a third approach to Sustainability. In final considerations, Pragmatic Sustainability is presented as a contribution to the debate regarding the Sustainability of Emerging Technologies.