In this contribution to the panel, I will describe the specific characteristics of Polish populist dismantling of constitutional checks and balances typical of liberal constitutionalism: the cumulative and comprehensive nature of assaults upon checks and balances and upon political rights; the factor of emulation (mainly, of the Hungarian example); statutory “amendments” of the Constitution; the maintenance of formal institutions untouched while eroding them of democratic content; association with a fundamental drop of civility of public discourse. I will demonstrate how all these factors, combined, have produced a powerful challenge to liberal constitutionalism, and at the end I will reflect upon the resources (if any) in Polish constitutional and legal system to reduce the nefarious effects of the populist assault. I will also explain why the notion of “unconstitutional populist backsliding” is the most accurate characterization of Polish developments since 2015.
Our next Annual Conference will take place from July 6-9, 2021. It will be held in a completely novel way as a fully online Conference: ICON•S Mundo.
The Call for Papers for ICON•S Mundo is available here. Submissions for papers and panels must be made by May 1, 2021.
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