Political rights in Venezuela: a pending issue

The relationship between Venezuela and the Inter-American System for the Protection of Human Rights has undergone a series of abrupt changes and profound disagreements in recent years. With respect to Venezuela, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights has ruled on the violation of the political rights contained in Article 23 of the American Convention on Human Rights in the cases of Reverón Trujillo and López Mendoza. Knowing the current state of compliance with the reparation measures ordered by the Court in the above-mentioned cases can outline a general vision of how Inter-American regional justice helped to vindicate human rights violations in an adverse political climate for supranational institutions. The political crisis in Venezuela is far from over, but the Court’s precedents, together with the inter-American standards established to date, may help discern a way out that is consistent with the regional consensus on the rights that should govern a democratic society.