PNR Data: An Element of Criminal Justice or Border Control?

One of the most pressing issues in the EU-UK relations post-Brexit has been the timely and accurate exchange of personal data for law enforcement purposes. One set of data, which is called Passenger Name Records (PNR), however stands out from the rest as its use has been integrated into pre-entry border screening procedures, whose justification is grounded on security purposes. This contribution aims to unmake the characterisation of PNR data transfers as part of criminal justice cooperation as enshrined in the UK-EU Trade and Cooperation Agreement (TCA) and question its link to the scope of border control. The purpose of this contribution is thus to interrogate the repurposing of PNR data and the accountability questions that might arise thereof.