Opposition Rights & Powers: A Conceptual Map

This paper will map the rights and powers available to political opposition parties in contemporary constitutional practice. Triangulating data from a large-N survey of select constitutional codes with a small-n thick contextual analysis of a handful of jurisdictions, the study seeks to understand (i) identify and taxonomise the range of opposition rights and powers that democratic constitutions are trying to protect, and (ii) discover and explain any relationships between the range and types of opposition rights and powers protected in a constitution on the one hand and variables such as regime type (presidential/parliamentary/semi-presidential/semi-parliamentary), age of the constitutional code, status of the protection offered (big-C code, statute, case law, custom), and robustness of the democracy on the other.