The modern Turkish Constitution of 1982 has been amended extensively. The amendments were provided 15 times through the legislative majority and 4 times by national referendum in the last 38 years. This paper will discuss the constitutional politics surrounding the constitutional amendments in Turkey since 1987. The paper will compare and contrast the democratic transition and autocratic transition patterns from the perspectives of exclusion-inclusion dichotomy, elite convergence, democratic legitimacy, and normative constitutionalism.
Our 2020 Annual Conference was scheduled to be held at the University of Wrocław in Poland on July 9-11, 2020.
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the ICON·S Executive Committee has decided to postpone our 2020 Conference to 2021. Our next Annual Conference will take place from July 8-10, 2021, in Wrocław, Poland.
Procedural details regarding the organization of the 2021 Conference will follow in the months ahead.Join ICON•S