Not All Victims Are the Same – On inequality between categories of crime victims

This research will highlight the fact that 'crime victims' do not comprise a homogenous single legal category, as far as legal rights are concerned. Within this underprivileged group, sub divisions exist, whereby the most vulnerable victims are discriminated.
In Israel, a hierarchy of crime victims exists, both in the social sense and in the normative one. Socially, at the top of the hierarchy are victims of terrorist attacks, who perceive to have an 'heroic' air about them. Beneath them are victims of other, 'regular' crimes.
On the normative level, Crime Victims' Rights Act 2001, and the Legal Aid Act, 1972 have created yet a different hierarchy.
This research will analyze the legal hierarchies and will challenge the basic principles underlining the current legal classification. Providing victims with legal assistance based on the type of the offence, and not on the victim's socio-legal situation, creates a substantial inequality between categories of victims.