New health technologies and professional’s liability. The role of public law to prevent “remote defensive medicine”

The practical value of remote healthcare services was brought to light by the health crisis related to the Covid-19 pandemic.
European and national institutions agendas need to rely on a new conception of care based on home-interventions and reduced access to emergence hospital to face not only epidemiological emergency but also the challenges arisen from demographic change.
From a public law perspective many issues need to be considered for the purpose of a coherent development of these services and for targeting efficiently the incoming founds.
How is the law fitted to face the challenge of providing appropriate constraints, incentives, and protections to those operating in, and affected by, the field of new health technologies?
How the re-shaping of professional’s liability will interact with the phenomenon of “defensive medicine” (i.e. doctors prescribing exams and cure in excess, or following standard protocols to avoid liability, placing second the real needs of patients)?