Mutual influences between the Italian and German constituent debate: what is at stake?

The paper will outline both the similarities between the German and Italian constitutions, that are to be especially underlined in the two first parts of the two texts. On state powers, differences will have to be analyzed, especially in relation with the anti-Weimar reaction in Germany where referendums and strong political parties were looked upon with suspicion, while in Italy those two aspects were more easily accepted by the constituent assembly. Even though the constituent debate in Italy was inspired by the failure of the Weimar Republic, most proposal that went in the same direction were rejected by Italian political parties. Amongst some constitutional provision that will be analyzed to show those differences, electoral laws of the two countries will be evaluated as well, because, while not part of the constitutional texts themselves, they are part of the material constitution of the two countries.