Modes of external constitutional advising

The provision of constitutional legal advice by external advisers is an increasingly common feature of modern constitution-making processes, though it is not an entirely new phenomenon. This paper draws from the literature on constitutional transfers to build a typology of modes of constitutional advice-giving. In doing so, it explores the factors that push advisers towards adopting a particular mode: both internal (such as self-perception) and external (such as time and resource constraints).