What is the most suitable constitutional strategy that would create a sustainable relationship between the state and religion, which would successfully dwindle the process of conscious compartmentalization, eventually strengthening liberal legitimacy in the former-Soviet Muslim-majority states? In response, I preliminarily submit that building country-specific models for the state – religion relations should be considered as one of the crucial components of the democratic state-building processes in the former Soviet Muslim-majority states. In this respect, Azerbaijan, the most secular Muslim republic, may serve as a crucial case study for these purposes. Hence, this paper, (1) aims to analyze the factors affecting the changing dynamics of the state – religion relations and (2) to examine the constitutional model of the state – religion relations in Azerbaijan, which are often claimed to be responsive for managing religious diversity in the most secular, but Muslim-majority society.
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