Mexico’s and Argentina’s educational system: The case of unitary federalism

Although Mexico and Argentina are federal countries, their educational systems seem to have the structure of a unitary republic. This paper explores the separate but similar evolution of events in Mexico and Argentina leading to these countries’ current educational systems. How did educational theories proposing a uniform approach to education gain popularity? What role did the Catholic Church and other faith based organizations have in the the current scope of educational rights in these countries? What role have constitutional amendments had and what debates have informed their content? Have local jurisdictions adopted acts similar to constitutional provisions? How has the power of federal entities affected local educational autonomy? The paper examines constitutional history, constitutional recognition of educational rights, administrative regulation and the distribution of competences among different administrative entities and agencies, and the local laws of provinces or states.