Long-Terms Effects of Covid-19 on the Italian Emergency Framework

The Italian reaction to the Covid-19 pandemic relied on patterns that had never been used since the entry into force of the Italian Constitution. Not only – at least during the first year – very wide powers were concentrated in the hands of the President of the Council of Ministers (which is very unusual in the Italian parliamentary system), but there were also unclear coordination mechanisms among different levels of government, sometimes leading to dangerous fragmentation.
Against this background, how tenable is the choice – made by the Italian Constituent Assembly due to historical reasons and that proved wise at that time – not to systematically regulate emergency powers in the Constitution? Should it be reconsidered? And how should a “renewed” Italian emergency framework liaise with international and supranational bodies, in order to allow efficient cooperation? These are the main topics that this paper addresses.