Strengthening Democratic Representation of Children and Adolescents: In terms of Intergenerational Equity

The various problems caused by climate change and environmental pollution, disturbance of ecosystem, and resource depletion have become raised interests in future generations. Future generations are faced with the contradiction of having to pay for the damages caused by such fatal problems produced by the present generation. Why should children and adolescents under the age of 18 be taken responsibility for problems they do not cause? To establish equity between generations, it is necessary to improve their democratic representation so that children and adolescents representing future generations, who are disproportionately excluded from the political decision process, can participate in the political decision-making process. Therefore, in this paper, as a way to strengthen the democratic representation of them, I propose to improve relevant regulations of the Public Official Election Act and the Political Parties Act.