Law of Emergency in Greece: Constitutional Matters

During the last decade, Greece has been in the middle of several crises. First, the severe economic crisis with tremendous effects in all aspects of economic and social life and then the Covid-19 pandemic crisis that seriously disrupted the normal course of life. During both crises, several measures were introduced through the emergency law process of article 44, para. 1 of the Constitution. According to that provision “Under extraordinary circumstances of an urgent and unforeseeable need, the President of the Republic may, upon the proposal of the Cabinet, issue acts of legislative content”. The aim of this paper is to discuss certain constitutional matters that arise from the application of emergency law in Greece under the checks and balances principle.