At the beginning of the 21st century, two opposing forces entered into conflict: on the one hand, a legislation informed by a highly centralized, stablished to protect mining companies with conception of the management of mining and hydrocarbon resources. On the other hand, communities dedicated to protect local affairs, the defense of their territory and their well-being, as well as the new trends of Latin American constitutionalism in the last section of the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st century this new conceptions of development promoted by international organizations such as the World Bank or UNDP.
In Colombia, constitutional case-law was receptive to the claims of the communities. These have been an interesting debate on the role that corresponds to citizen participation and local institutions in the management of mineral wealth and hydrocarbons.
This Panel seeks to analyze the central lines of this transformation, identify the actors in this field.