Major differences in the finality and impact of judicial review from country to country have led scholars to distinguish between “hard” and “soft” forms of judicial review. However, hard review does not give courts the last word: even in systems of nominally hard review, the government usually retains the ability to effectively override the courts via constitutional amendment. Instead, “super-hard” judicial review has emerged in the form of judicial review of constitutional amendments. Even “super-hard” review, in turn, comes in varying degrees of hardness. Using Taiwan as illustration, this chapter develops a continuum or six-point scale of judicial review puissance.
Our 2020 Annual Conference was scheduled to be held at the University of Wrocław in Poland on July 9-11, 2020.
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the ICON·S Executive Committee has decided to postpone our 2020 Conference to 2021. Our next Annual Conference will take place from July 8-10, 2021, in Wrocław, Poland.
Procedural details regarding the organization of the 2021 Conference will follow in the months ahead.Join ICON•S