The paper will address key the interplay between transnational and vertical judicial interaction cooperation in relation to the enhancement of fundamental rights in areas of public and private law:
(1) the development of European standards regarding the right to be heard of asylum seekers and irregular migrants; and
(2) the relationship between individual and collective remedies in consumer law area, where the Court of Justice refrains from widening its approach in light of access to justice principle.
In particular it will identify the main patterns of judicial interaction, reasons for its uneven development, and their effects at the constitutional, legislative, jurisprudential level. The paper will question whether judicial interaction has functioned first and foremost for the guarantee of uniform application of EU law, and whether the protection of this guarantee should come even at the cost of fundamental rights protection.