Italian regionalism at the test of the pandemic emergency

The Covid-19 pandemic was the first test of Italian regionalism in the face of an emergency of this magnitude. The institutional relations between the two levels of government have sometimes turned out to be problematic and sometimes even conflicting. From this point of view, it is first of all necessary to ask whether the management of such particular emergencies follows the division of powers by subjects provided for by the Italian Constitution or whether it should make use of other tools for centralizing competences. In any case, the validity and effectiveness of the principle of loyal collaboration between the State and the Regions, immanent in Italian system, cannot be underestimated and therefore must still be carried out even in the case of emergency situations.