International private property interventions and the construction of territory

Given that territory is one of the constitutive elements of statehood, land obviously plays a significant role in international law. However, precisely because land is at the core of national sovereignty, land tenure governance (i.e., the system regulating access, use, and occupation of land, including domestic land management and land administration) is commonly considered to be under the exclusive supervision of domestic jurisdiction and not subject to international legal regulation. At the same time, it is well established that the protection of private property from interference by the state has been a driving force of international law. This paper asks about the significance of international and transnational private property interventions (often referred to as land tenure reforms) for the construction of territory in contemporary international law.