International Organizations And The Expectations Of Mankind: A Duty To Act?

International organizations have for more than a century gradually affirmed their role as leading actors amidst global governance, which led them to exercise strengthened powers over States and individuals alike. Today, people increasingly turn their hopes towards the United Nations or the International Criminal Court as their last bulwarks against oppression. Yet, it matters to ascertain that such expectations be justified in the first place. Do international organizations have a duty to exercise their powers? Under what conditions? And with what consequences?
This study considers a hypothetical duty to act of international organizations with regard to both states and individuals. In so doing, it examines the potential sources for such an obligation, as well as modalities for its implementation in the context of allocation of power within organizations structures and the interplay between autonomy and duties that results therefrom.