International Constitutional Advising: Mapping the Field and Assessing Impact

Since the end of the cold war, we have witnessed a significant growth in the number of international organizations and constitutional specialists consulting national processes of constitutional drafting. Scholars have recognized the increasing institutionalization and professionalization of the field, yet we know little about the scope of foreign advising organizations, their activities, and the impact they make on domestic processes of constitutional drafting. This paper begins to address this lacuna by systematically exploring, for the first time, the growing field of international constitutional advising. Based on an original dataset of 45 organizations involved in 690 projects of external advising to constitution making in 144 countries between 1989-2017, the paper maps the landscape of players involved in the business of international constitutional advising and theorizes the interplay between foreign and domestic actors.