Indigenous people, COVID-19 and the Brazilian Supreme Court: case study regarding the implementation of sanity barriers in indigenous communities

Filed by the Indigenous Peoples of Brazil Articulation (Articulação dos Povos Indígenas do Brasil), the Supreme Court determined, within the scope of case No. ADPF-709, (Arguição de Descumprimento de Preceito Fundamental nº 709), a series of measures for the federal government in order to contain the contagion and mortality from Covid-19 among indigenous peoples. The present article aims to analyze the degree of implementation of such measures, specifically those regarding the establishment of sanitary barriers on indigenous lands. For this purpose, a documentary and media analysis will be conducted, based on the following sources of research: (i) information brought to the case files by the actors participating in the litigation and (ii) news websites of indigenous organizations and non-governmental organizations operating in the field. Therefore, the research intends to investigate to what extent the injunction decision was complied with and the barriers effectively implemented