Despite being a non-party of the CEDAW, Taiwan voluntarily complies domestically with the convention. Pursuant to the CEDAWIA, the government has undergone three rounds of the review process for state reports and two rounds of norm-congruency examinations. Through these implementation mechanisms, Taiwan has incorporated the CEDAW’s norms in its domestic legal system. This paper begins with a brief history of Taiwan’s advocacy, ratification, and incorporation of the CEDAW into its domestic legal system. It further reviews how civil society, scholars, and the government’s gender equality agency worked together to promote and realize gender equality policy through various mechanisms on the implementation of the CEDAW. Further, selected issues also illustrate that the implementation process is inextricably entangled with the gendered culture and customs, and highlight how the CEDAW helps to resist, or alternatively, in some cases fails to change, Taiwan’s patriarchal society.