Implementation and monitoring of supra-state binding legal instruments: lessons learned from United Nations Conventions in Portuguese Speaking Countries

The point of departure of our analysis will be three-folded: (a) the reality of the legal framework in Portuguese Speaking Countries; (b) the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, the main international instrument in the fight against transnational organized crime; and (c) the United Nations Convention against Corruption, the only legally binding universal anti-corruption instrument. These Convention’s far-reaching approaches and the different characters of their provisions (mandatory in some cases), combined with the instruments prepared to support their implementation and monitoring, and the different stages of development of the legal frameworks of Portuguese Speaking Countries, make this specific universe a toolbox from where we can extract different lessons for a better implementation of supra-state binding legal instruments and, through it, enable us to prepare better legal responses to global problems.