Human Rights Protection Mechanisms as a Challenge for People Living in the Occupied Territories

Today, the armed forces of Russian Federation unlawfully occupies 20 percent of Georgian territory. Georgian state authorities are deprived of the opportunity to exercise their powers while the Russian Federation exercises effective control over the above-mentioned territories. There is constant practice of ethnic discrimination towards Georgians living in occupied territories. Russian Federation continues to further violate their basic rights and freedoms. This paper analyzes the types of international mechanisms available for the protection of human rights in the occupied territories. This work further discusses the issue the responsibility of the occupying power to protect the rights of persons living in the occupied territories under international human rights law. Under this umbrella, the study summarizes both international mechanisms and existing practice, as well as the judgments of the European Court of Human Rights.