Since the establishment of the 1991’s multiethnic Constitution and a considerable amount of indigenous juridical protection that followed it, colonialist ideas of discrimination seemed to dissipate. Subsequently, the Peace Agreement of 2016 emerged as an effective mechanism for protecting the rights of the indigenous peoples. Even so, arguing that the reality of this population is considerably different is problematic. With 4,508 cases of human rights violations reported in indigenous territories between November of 2016 and July of 2017 and more than 242 murdered indigenous leaders since the Peace Agreement, the Constitution of 1991 and its successive legal instruments are struggling to effectively protect indigenous peoples’ rights. At this point, one might wonder if the Constitution is nothing but a mere reflection of the very arranged discriminatory ideas that date from the conquest.