How transformative is the concept of transparency in the Latin American Constitutionalism?

The main purpose of the transformative constitutionalism is to design institutions around human rights. On the other hand, this new wave envisions to correct the serious democratic deficit that affects the region, proposing diverse formulas, destined to open greater opportunities and spaces of control facing a “society of distrust”. This paper seeks to analyze how transparency, as a principle of public management, is an integral part of this transformative constitutional process in Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador and Bolivia. Starting from an analysis of the instruments related to transparency generated by the OAS, I will study the constitutional response to them based on the three purposes: Citizen control to combat corruption, realization of the rights of freedom of expression and access to information, and the strengthening of democracy. This analysis also seeks to determine the content of this principle based on the constitutional norms and mechanisms established to promote it.